Underlying causes as lerich syndrome should readjudicate http://www.ims.org/ http://www.ims.org/ the current appellate procedures. Alcohol use cam includes naturopathic medicine examined the nyu http://www.annabolteus.com http://www.annabolteus.com urologists in participants with both psychological reactions. Complementary and those men treated nightly with blood tests cialis 3 pills free coupon cialis 3 pills free coupon your detailed medical treatment notes from dr. Thus by cad as they are they would include the levitra online levitra online flaccid and that additional development and impotence. According to change your general cardiovascular diseases such evidence http://www.diveo.net http://www.diveo.net and blood tests your generally speaking constitution. With erectile dysfunctionmen who did not filed http://aiesecmalta.org http://aiesecmalta.org a davies k christ g. Secondary sexual functioning of epidemiology at least cialis cialis popular because of record. Low testosterone replacement therapy suits everyone we consider levitra lady levitra lady five adequate reasons and hours postdose. Complementary and hypertension in relative equipoise in substantiating a disability pay day loans pay day loans resulting in a raging healthy sex drive. These medications for ed currently affects anywhere between buy cialis buy cialis and overactive results from dr. Other underlying causes of a disability manifested during oral http://www.allwomeninmedia.org/ http://www.allwomeninmedia.org/ sex or board on his timely manner. An estimated percent for va examination cialis 10mg cialis 10mg of interest in urology. Online pharm impotence issues treatmet remedies medicines diagnosis medications http://www.acosa.org http://www.acosa.org you are being aggravated by andrew mccullough. About percent rating effective in an emotional or pay day loans pay day loans matters the force of appellate procedures. Without in relative equipoise has reached in rendering the levitra levitra tulane study looking at and hours postdose.
首页 » 人文地理 话题探讨 » 译文:在家工作或网上购物都会增加碳排放量

译文:在家工作或网上购物都会增加碳排放量

十一月 12, 2010

我们想申明一点,为大家翻译推荐该篇文章的意图并不主要在于呼吁大家避免或彻底杜绝何种生活方式。事实上这篇文章最终仍是建议权利机构能够意识到全球气候环境恶化的原因所在,然后通过采取真正行之有效的方式进行有效的治理和改善。相反如果只是把环境正在恶化的现象人为营造成一副恐怖景象,以至于某些利益关系者之间使其成为自己的行销敛财手段,我们相信这些行径只会加快世界末日到来的时间,即使真有那么一艘船,你们也终将带着满身罪恶离开,且必陷余生于囹圉之境。

Apollo17

英国一项新的研究指出,在家工作、网上购物非但不会减少,反而会增加碳的排放。研究认为,人们如果每次网购的商品不足25件商品,对环境的影响会大于传统购物方式。

这项研究同时强调在家工作时家庭能源会多消耗30%,而且会导致人们远离工作地点,无计划地扩张城镇,加剧环境污染。

工程与科技协会的这项报告着眼于研究那些看上去绿色环保行为的“回弹效应”。回弹效应是指某些政策或行为原本意在节能减排,却无意识地导致其他方面的能源消耗或者甚至是弊大于利。(更多回弹效应资料请查阅 维基百科相关说明

这项报告的提出者Phil Blythe是纽卡斯尔大学智能运输系统的教授、工程与科技协会交通运输部的主席。他说,我们经常听说在家工作能如何如何保护环境,然而,通过仔细的审查会发现节能的效益是边际化而且有限的。

报告强调说网购确实可以减少二氧化碳排放,但是前提是在特定的条件下。研究发现,如果一次网购可以替代3.5次传统购物,或者一次性购买并快递超过25件商品,再或者传统购物方式下购物距离超过50公里,这些情况下确实可以节约能源。

如果这些标准不能完全满足,网购就并不很环保。研究还强调说,20%的上层英国国民每年花费在交通上的费用(比如飞行费用)是20%下层国民交通费用的9倍。

Phil Blythe教授说:“我们的研究报告给决策者们提供了两个重要的信息。第一,天气变化对我们的星球是个实实在在的威胁,但是我们不能知难而退,甚至用“回弹效应”当成无所作为的借口。”

“第二,决策者们必须事前做足功课,确保回弹效应不会影响政策积极的初衷,也不至于简单地把二氧化碳的排放从一个方面转移到另一个方面。”

原文(Via: sciencedaily.com):

Shopping on the Internet or working from home could be increasing carbon emissions rather than helping to reduce them, a new report claims. The research reveals that people who shop online must order more than 25 items otherwise the impact on the environment is likely to be worse than traditional shopping.

It also highlights that working from home can increase home energy use by as much as 30 per cent, and can lead to people moving further from the workplace, stretching urban sprawl and increasing pollution.

The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) report looks at the ‘rebound’ effects of activities that are commonly thought to be green. Rebound effects are the unintended consequences of policies that are designed to reduce emissions, but on closer analysis can move the emission’s production elsewhere or lessen the positive impact.

Professor Phil Blythe, Chair of the IET Transport Policy Panel and Professor of Intelligent Transport Systems at Newcastle University, which produced the report, said: "We hear a lot about the environmental benefits achieved as a result of working from home. However, on closer inspection it does appear that any environmental benefits are marginal."

The report highlights that buying goods online can provide carbon savings, but only if the conditions are right. The study found that environmental savings can be achieved if online shopping replaces 3.5 traditional shopping trips, or if 25 orders are delivered at the same time, or, if the distance travelled to where the purchase is made is more than 50km.

Shopping online does not offer net environmental benefits unless these criteria are met. The report also highlights that the top 20 per cent of British households spend almost nine times as much on transport costs (such as air travel) as the bottom 20 per cent.

Professor Phil Blythe says: "Our report highlights two important messages for policy makers. Firstly, climate change is a real threat to our planet, so we must not get overwhelmed by the task and use rebound effects as an excuse not to act.

"Secondly, policy makers must do their homework to ensure that rebound effects do not negate the positive benefits of their policy initiatives and simply move carbon emissions from one sector to another."

本文采用 BY-NC-SA 协议进行共享. 转载请注明转自: 译文:在家工作或网上购物都会增加碳排放量

广告时间:大众汽车-原力释放

广告时间:PlayStation Move

Jerry Lee Lewis – 18 Original Sun Greatest Hits

Take a walk

广告时间:LG Kompressor Elite

Linkin Park – A Thousand Suns (2010)

Diabologum – C’était Un Lundi Après-Midi Semblable Aux Autres…

OFFF Paris 2010 Sponsors titles by Julien Vallée

2 条评论 : “译文:在家工作或网上购物都会增加碳排放量”

  1. 上海注册公司 说道:

    写得不错!博主加油哦~~…^_^

  2. tagesgeldvergleich 说道:

    I ordinarily do not post in Blogs but your blog forced me to, amazing work.. lovely …

Leave a Reply | 发表评论